The 1937 Paris International Exposition and the Spanish Civil War. Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for the International Exposition dedicated to Art and Technology in Modern Life, celebrated that same year in the city of Paris. One year before, on the 17th of July 1936, a bloody civil war that opposed the left wing republican government to a right-wing military uprising had started in Spain.
Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals, particularly innocent civilians. This work has gained a monumental status, becoming a perpetual reminder of the tragedies of war, an anti-war symbol, and an embodiment of peace.
First shown at the 1937 International Exposition in Paris, Guernica stands today as a universal statement against the horror of modern warfare. The painting was the response of the Spanish-born artist Pablo Picasso to the bombing of Guernica, a small Basque town in northern Spain that was destroyed on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War.
«Guernica» was not a poster (the clenched fists of opposition to fascism, initially sketched by Picasso, were later scrapped) but a universal symbol of the protest against war. Two weeks after Guernica was destroyed, «Guernica» was unveiled at the World Expo.
‘Guernica’ was painted by the Cubist Spanish painter, Pablo Picasso in 1937. The title ‘Guernica’ refers to the city that was bombed by Nazi planes during the Spanish Civil War . The painting depicts the horrors of war and as a result, has come to be an anti-war symbol and a reminder of the tragedies of war.